Math 100 Study Guide for the Final Exam
The final exam for MTH 100 will be a comprehensive
multiple choice exam. This study guide is intended
to help students review the objectives that are covered in the course. A
scientific calculator is allowed,
but not a graphing calculator.
Objective 1A Set: Solve linear equations.
( Two problems similar to problems in this set will be chosen for
the final exam.)
Solve the equation and determine if it is conditional, an identity, or a contradiction. If the equation is conditional give the solution. 
Answers 
1. 4(2 − 7t) +14t = −14t +12  contradiction 
2. 9(9 − a) = 93− 6a  a = 4 
3.  t = 15 
4. 19.2x − 4(x + 0.8) = −48.8  x = 3 
5.  identity 
6. 
Objective 1B Set: Solve absolute value
equations. ( One problem similar to problems in this set will be
chosen for the final exam.)
Solve the equation, if possible.  Answers 
1.  13, 3 
2.  no solution 
3.  8. 
Objective 2A Set : Solving Compound
Inequalities ( One problem similar to problems in this set will
be chosen for the final exam.)
Solve the inequality and graph the solution set.  Answers 
1. −6 < −3(x − 4) ≤ 24  
2. 34 > 3x − 2 >10  
3.  
4. Solve the inequality and graph the solution set. −10 ≤ −2(x − 4) < 24 
Objective 2B Set: Solving Inequalities
(One problem similar to problems in this set will be chosen for
the final exam.)
Solve the inequality. Give the result in interval notation. 
Answers 
1. 21− 6x ≤ x  [3,∞) 
2. −6( y −1) < y +12  
3. −3(a +1) > 2(a + 4)  
4. 3x −1< 5  (−∞, 2) 
Objective 2C Set: Solving Inequalities with
Absolute Value (One problem similar to problems in this
set will be chosen for the final exam.)
Solve the inequality.  
1.  [−7,19] 
2.  no solution 
3.  
4.  (−1, 2) 
5.  (−∞,−19)∪(57,∞) 
6.  (−∞,−24]∪[12,∞) 
Objective 3A Set: Solving Literal Equations
( One problem similar to problems in this set will be
chosen for the final exam.)
Answers  
1. Solve the formula for the indicated variable. p = 2c + 2h for c 

2. Solve the formula for the indicated variable. for q 

3. Solve the formula for the indicated variable. for f 

4. Solve the formula 1 for the variable . 

5. Solve the formula
for the variable . 

6. Solve the formula S(1− r) = a − kr for the variable r. 
Objective 3B Set: Solving Mixture and Motion
Applied Problems (One problem similar to problems in this set will be
chosen for the final exam.)
1. Granville and Preston are 435 miles apart. A car leaves Preston bound for
Granville at 44 mph. At the same
time, another car leaves Granville bound for Preston at 43 mph. How long will it
take them to meet?
2. A plane leaves an airport and flies south at 184 mph. Later, a second plane
leaves the same airport and flies
south at 460 mph. If the second plane overtakes the first one inhours,
how long of a head start did the
first plane have?
3. Two trains are 276 miles apart, and their speeds differ by 10 mph. They are
traveling toward each other and
will meet in 3 hours. Find the speed of the slower train.
4. A nurse wishes to add water to 30 ounces of a 10% solution of benzalkonium
chloride to dilute it to a 4%
solution. How much water must she add?
Answers
1) 5 hrs.
2) hrs.
3) 41mph
4) 45 oz.
Objective 3C Set: Solving Money and Investments Applied Problems (One
problem similar to problems in this set will
be chosen for the final exam.)
1. A broker has invested $22,000 in two mutual funds, one earning 9% annual
interest and the other earning
14%. After 1 year, his combined interest is $2,855. How much was invested at
each rate?
2. When equal amounts are invested in each of three accounts paying 7%, 8% and
10.5% interest, one year's
combined interest income is $1,109.25. How much is invested in each account?
Answers
1) $4,500 at 9%, $17,500 at 14% 2) $4,350
Objective 4ADetermine whether relation is a function (One problem
similar to these will be chosen for the final
exam.)
1. The graph represents a correspondence between x and y . Determine whether the
correspondence is a function.
If it is, give its domain and range.
2. The graph represents a correspondence between x and y. Tell whether the
correspondence is a function.
Answers 1) not a function 2) yes
Objective 4B  Evaluate functions ( One problem similar to the following
will be used on the final exam):
1. Find g ( w ) and g ( w + 1 )
g ( x ) = 4x  7
2. Find the value given that f ( x ) = 6x + 8.
f ( b )  f ( 1 )
3. A mortar shell is s feet above the ground after t seconds, where s = f ( t )
=  16t ^{2} + 509t + 58. Find the height
of the shell 15 seconds after it is fired.
Answers:
1) g ( w ) = 4w  7; g ( w + 1 ) = 4w – 3
2) 6b – 6 3) s = 4,093 ft
Objective 4C: Domain and Range (One problem similar to the problems in
this set will be chosen
for the final exam.)
1.Find the domain of the function.
{(0,5), (1, 4), (2, 2)
2.Find the domain and range of the function.
Answers:
1. D = { 0, 1, 2 }
2. D = (−∞,∞) and R = (−∞, 2]
Objective 5A Set  Graph Linear Equations (One problem similar to the
problems in this set will be chosen
for the final exam.)
Graph the equation.  Answers 
1. 4y = 8x  8  
2. x + y = 1 
Objective 5B Set – Writing Linear Equations in
specified form (One problem similar to the problems in this
set will be chosen for the final exam.)
Answers  
1. Use slopeintercept form to write the equation of the line with the given properties. Write the answer in slopeintercept form. m = −7 , b = 6 
y = −7x + 6 
2. Write the equation in slopeintercept form to find the slope and the yintercept. 2(2x −3y) =1 

3. Write an equation in general form for a line with the following properties: m = 7, P(0,8) 
7x − y = −8 
Objective 5C Set  Using PointSlope Form to
write the equation of a line (One problem similar to
the problems in this set will be chosen for the final exam.)
Answers  
1. Use pointslope form to write the equation of the line passing through the two given points. Write the equation in slopeintercept form. P(3,0), Q(5,−8) , 
y = −4x +12 
2. Use pointslope form to write the equation of the line. Write the answer in slopeintercept form. 

3. Write the equation of the line that passes through the given point and is parallel to the given line. Write the answer in slopeintercept form. P(−6,7) , y + 4x = −19 , 
y = −4x −17 
4. Write the equation of the line that passes through the given point and is perpendicular to the given line. Write the answer in slopeintercept form. P(−6,4) , y + 3x = −15 

6. Write an equation in general form for a line
with the following properties: m = 7 , P(−5,0) 
7x − y = −35 
Objective 6 Set: Solving Systems of Linear
Equations (Three problems similar to problems in this set
will be chosen for the final exam.)
Solve the system, if possible. If the system has
no solution or an infinite solution set, describe the system 
Answers 
1.  Dependent system 
2.  ( 2, 4 ) 
3.  
4.  (7,3) 
5.  
6.  no solution 
Objective 7A Set Adding and Subtracting Rational
Expressions (One problem similar to the
problems in this set will be chosen for the final exam.)
Perform the operation. Simplify the answer, if possible. 
Answers 
1.  
2.  
3.  
4.  
5. 
Objective 7B Set  Multiplying and Dividing Rational
Expressions (One problem similar to the
problems in this set will be chosen for the final exam.)
Answers  
1. Perform the multiplication. Simplify the answer, if possible. 

2. Perform the multiplication. Simplify the answer, if possible. 
s 
3. Perform the division. Simplify the answer, if possible. 

4. Perform the division. Simplify the answer, if possible. 
1/9 
5. Perform the division. Simplify your answer, if possible. 
a + 2 
Objective 7C Set  Complex Fractions and Solving Rational
Expressions (One problem similar to
the problems in this set will be chosen for the final exam.)
Answers:  
1. Simplify the complex fraction. 
1. 
2. Simplify the complex fraction. 
2. 
3. Simplify the complex fraction. 
3. 
4. Solve the equation and check the solution. 
4. no solution,  1 is extraneous 
5. Solve the equation and check the solution. 
5. 5 
6. Solve the equation and check the solution. 
6. 1, 7 
Objective 8A  Product Rule with Rational Exponents
(One problem similar to the problems in this
set will be chosen for the final exam.)
Perform the operation. Do not use negative
exponents in the answer. Assume that all variables represent positive numbers. 
Answers 
1.  1. 
2.  2. 
3.  3. 
Objective 8B  Quotient Rule with Rational
Exponents (One problem similar to the problems in this
set will be chosen for the final exam.)
Perform the operation. Do not use negative
exponents in the answer. Assume that all variables represent positive numbers. 
Answers 
1.  1. 
2.  2. 
Objective 8C Set  Power Rule with Combination of
Rational Exponent Rules (One problem similar
to this problem set will be chosen for the final exam.)
1. Simplify:
Answer:
Objective 9A Set  Adding and Subtracting Radical
Expressions (One problem similar to the
problems in this set will be chosen for the final exam.)
Simplify and combine like radicals. All variables represent positive numbers. 
Answers 
1.  1. 
2.  2. 
3.  3. 
3.  4. 
Objective 9A Set  Adding and Subtracting Radical
Expressions (One problem similar to the
problems in this set will be chosen for the final exam.)
Simplify and combine like radicals.
All variables represent positive numbers. 
Answers 
1.  1. 
2.  2. 
3.  3. 
4.  4. 
Objective 9B  Multiplying and Dividing Radical
Expressions and Rationalizing Denominators
(One problem similar to the problems in this set will be chosen for the final
exam.)
Answers  
1. Perform the multiplication and simplify, if possible. 
1. 
2. Perform the multiplication and simplify, if possible. The variables represent positive numbers. 
2. 
3. Rationalize the denominator. 
3. 
4. Rationalize the denominator. The variable represents a positive number. 
4. 
Objective 9C  Solving Equations with Radical
Expressions (One problem similar to the problems
in this set will be chosen for the final exam.)
Solve the equation. Write all solutions and then indicate which of those solutions are extraneous. 
Answers 
1.  1. n = 5 
2.  2. x = 7 
3.  3. x = 5, x = 4 is extraneous 
Objective 10A  Graphing Quadratic Equations and
Using the Root Property to Solve Quadratic Eqs
(One problem similar to the problems in this set will be chosen for the final
exam.)
Answers  
1. Graph the function. f (x) = x^{2} + 4 

2. Use the square root property to solve the
equation. (s  7) ^{2}  4 = 0 
2. s = 5, 9 
Objective 10B Set  Solving Quadratic Equations by
Quadratic Formula (Two problems similar to the problems in this set will be
chosen for the final
exam.)
Use the quadratic formula to solve the equation.  Answers 
1. 16y^{2} + 8y − 3 = 0  1. 
2. 2w^{2}+ 6w+1= 0  2. 
3.5z^{2} + 2z = −5  3. 