# Math Standards

(1) What is your sector?

1 = 4-yr

2 = 2-yr

3 = K12

4 = other

**CONTENT components**

Step 1. Assign the rating of “5” to the

__four__components

__most important to include on the CRMT.__

Step 2. Assign the rating of “1” to the

__four__

*components*

__least important__to include.

Step 3. Based on these anchors, assign ratings

**2, 3**, and

**4**to all other components.

IMPORTANCE | LEAST IMPORTANT | somewhat | moderately | very | MOST IMPORTANT |

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 |

**NOTE:** *Italic text = extra expectations*

**Standard 4: Number Sense -**- The student accurately
describes and applies concepts and procedures related

to real and complex numbers.

(2) 4.1. Understand the concept of real numbers.

4.1.a. Explain the meaning of the square root of a number,
including why negative numbers have no real square

roots.

4.1.b. Describe a situation that requires an irrational number and provide an
example of an irrational number.

4.1.c. Apply the definition for negative integer exponents of real numbers.

4.1.d. Represent real numbers with rational exponents.

4.1.e. Compare and order real numbers without a calculator using relationships
between integers, and the

effects of radicals and rational exponents on those relationships.

(3) 4.2. Accurately and efficiently compute with real
numbers in all forms, including rational exponents and scientific

notation.

4.2.a. Complete multi-step computations using the order of
operations and the properties of operations

(associative, commutative, distributive, etc.) in situations involving
combinations of real numbers.

4.2.b. Recognize and justify the need for an exact answer in a given situation.

4.2.c. Select and justify appropriate strategies and tools to compute the answer
in a problem.

(4) 4.3. Apply estimation strategies using real numbers.

4.3.a. Recognize and justify the sufficiency of estimating
or approximating the result of a calculation involving

real numbers.

4.3.b. Use estimation to predict or verify the reasonableness of calculated
results.

(5) 4.4. Understand the concept of complex numbers and perform computations with complex numbers.

4.4.a. Add, subtract, multiply, and divide complex
numbers; express in standard form and explain the properties

(i.e., why useful; when used).

4.4.b. Describe a situation that requires a complex number (include an algebraic
example and a graphical

example).

**Standard 5: Geometry** -- The student makes hypotheses, models situations,
draws conclusions, and supports

claims using geometric concepts and procedures.

(6) 5.1. Make and test conjectures about 2-D figures
(polygons and circles) and 3-D figures (spheres, right prisms and

pyramids, right circular cylinders and cones), or figures constructed from these
shapes.

5.1.a. Use physical, symbolic, and technological models to explore conjectures.

(7) 5.2. Represent the relevant features of a physical situation using 2-D figures with and without a coordinate system.

5.2.a. Use basic 2-D figures such as circles or polygons
to represent objects essential to a situation.

5.2.b. Include additional line segments to represent important known or unknown
distances.

5.2.c. Introduce a coordinate system when useful for describing the position of
objects in a situation.

(8) 5.3. Use properties of and relationships between 2-D or 3-D figures to draw
and justify conclusions about a situation

represented with such figures with or without a coordinate system.

5.3.a. Inductively generate a conjecture and deductively
support it.

5.3.b. Apply and justify the applicability of transformations, congruence,
similarity, ratios, and proportions in

problem-solving situations.

5.3.c. Distinguish between area and perimeter of 2-D figures, surface area, and
volume of 3-D figures.

5.3.d. Calculate the area and perimeter of circles, triangles, quadrilaterals,
and regular polygons.

5.3.e. Use the Pythagorean Theorem (or distance formula) in 2-D and 3-D
situations when appropriate to

compute unknown distances.

5.3.f. Calculate the volume and surface area of spheres, right rectangular
prisms, and right circular cylinders,

right prisms, right pyramids, and right cones.

5.3.g. Graph ellipses and hyperbolas whose axes are parallel to the x and y
axes, and demonstrate

understanding of the relationship between their standard algebraic form and
their graphical characteristics.

(9) 5.4. Recognize and apply the basic right triangle
trigonometric relationships (sine, cosine, and tangent) to solve

problems.

5.4.a. Use sine, cosine or tangent to find unknown
distances and angles.

5.4.b. Use the inverse of sine, cosine, or tangent to find the measure of a
missing angle.

5.4.c. Understand the relationship of cotangent, secant, and cosecant to basic
right-triangle ratios.

5.4.d. Use Law of Cosines and Law of Sines to solve problems.

**Standard 6: Probability and Statistics **-- The student accurately
describes and applies concepts and

procedures from probability and statistics to analyze data.

(10) 6.1. Use empirical/ experimental and theoretical
probability to investigate, represent, solve, and interpret the solutions

to problems involving uncertainty (probability) or counting techniques.

6.1.a. Describe and apply the concepts of complementary,
mutually exclusive, independent, and compound

events.

6.1.b. Describe and apply procedures for computing and comparing theoretical
probabilities and

empirical/experimental results.

6.1.c. Describe and apply procedures for counting techniques such as the
Fundamental Counting Principle,

permutations, and combinations.

(11) 6.2. Develop informative tables, plots, and graphic displays to accurately represent and study data.

6.2.a. Use and interpret pie charts, bar graphs,
histograms, box-and-whisker plots, scatter plots, stem and leaf,

and line graphs.

6.2.b. Analyze data displays to evaluate the reasonableness of claims, reports,
studies, and conclusions.

6.2.c. Justify the use of appropriate graphical displays to accurately represent
and study data.

6.2.d. Determine trends, predicted values and possible causes of skewed and
clustered distributions.

(12) 6.3. Develop and evaluate inferences and predictions that are based on data.

6.3.a. Use measures of central tendency (mean, median,
mode) and spread (range, quartiles) to summarize

data, draw inferences, make predictions, and justify conclusions.

6.3.b. Develop and conduct an investigation drawing appropriate conclusions
through the use of statistical

measures of center, frequency, and spread, combined with graphical displays.

(13) 6.4. Create and evaluate the suitability of linear models for a data set.

6.4.a. Create, select, and justify an appropriate linear
model for a given set of data.

6.4.b. Use reasonable models to make predictions and justify conclusions.

6.4.c. Recognize when arguments based on data confuse correlation with
causation.